关于未来和职业的英语句子

英语句子成分和英语句子结构讲解及练习

1主语(subject)句子说明的人或事物。

Thesunrisesintheeast(名词)

Helikesdancing(代词)

Twentyyearsisashorttimeinhistory(数词)

Seeingisbelieving(动名词)

Toseeistobelieve(不定式)

Whatheneedsisabook(主语从句)

Itisveryclearthattheelephantisroundandtalllikeatree(It形式主语,主语从句是真正主语)2谓语(predicate)说明主语的动作、状态和特征。

WestudyEnglish

Heisasleep

3表语(predicative)系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。

Heisateacher(名词)

Fiveandfiveisten(数词)

Heisasleep(形容词)

Hisfatherisin(副词)

Thepictureisonthewall(介词短语)

Mywatchisgone/missing/lost(形容词化的分词)

Towearafloweristosay“I’mpoor,Ican’tbuyaring(不定式)

Thequestioniswhethertheywillcome(表语从句)

(常见的系动词有be,sound(听起来),look(看起来),feel(摸起来,smell(闻起来),taste(尝、吃起来),

remain(保持,仍是),feel(感觉)

Itsoundsagoodidea

Hervoicesoundssweet

Tomlooksthin

Thefoodsmellsdelicious

Thedoorremainsopen

4宾语:

1)动作的承受者-----动宾

IlikeChina(名词)

Hehatesyou(代词)

Weneedtwo(数词)

Weshouldhelptheoldandthepoor

Ienjoyworkingwithyou(动名词)

Ihopetoseeyouagain(不定式)

Didyouwritedownwhathesaid(宾语从句)

2)介词后的名词、代词和动名词-----介宾

Areyouafraidofthesnake

Underthesnow,therearemanyrocks

3)双宾语-----间宾(指人)和直宾(指物)

Hegavemeabookyesterday

Givethepoormansomemoney

5宾补:对宾语的补充,全称为宾语补足语。

Weelectedhimmonitor(名词)

Weallthinkitapitythatshedidn’tcomehere(名词)

Wewillmakethemhappy(形容词)

Wefoundnobodyin(副词)

Pleasemakeyourselfathome介词短语)

Don’tlethimdothat(省to不定式)

Hisfatheradvisedhimtoteachthelazyboyalesson(带to不定式)

Don’tkeepthelightsburning(现在分词)

I’llhavemybikerepaired(过去分词)

6主补:对主语的补充。

Hewaselectedmonitor

Shewasfoundsinginginthenextroom

Hewasadvisedtoteachthelazyboyalesson

7定语:修饰或限制名词或代词的词、词组或句子。

Yanlingisachemistryteacher(名词)

Heisourfriend(代词)

Webelongtothethirdworld(数词)

Hewasadvisedtoteachthelazyboyalesson(形容词)

Themanoverthereismyoldfriend(副词)

Thewomanwithababyinherarmsismysister(介词)

TheboysplayingfootballareinClass2(现在分词)

Thetreesplantedlastyeararegrowingwellnow(过去分词)

Ihaveanideatodoitwell(不定式)

YoushoulddoeverythingthatIdo(定语从句)

8状语:用来修饰v,adj,adv,或者句子。表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、程度、条件、方式和让步。

(以下例句按上述顺序排列)

Iwillgotheretomorrow

Themeetingwillbeheldinthemeetingroom

Themeatwentbadbecauseofthehotweather

HestudieshardtolearnEnglishwell

Hedidn’tstudyhardsothathefailedintheexam

Ilikesomeofyouverymuch

Ifyoustudyhard,youwillpasstheexam

Hegoestoschoolbybike

Thoughheisyoung,hecandoitwell

基本句子结构

简单句的五个基本句型

主语+谓语Shecame./Myheadaches

主语+谓语+宾语ShelikesEnglish

主语+系动词+表语Sheishappy.

主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语ShegaveJohnabook.

Sheboughtabookforme

主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补语Shemakeshermotherangry.

TheteacheraskedmetoreadthepassageThere+beThereliesabookonthedesk

分析下列句子成分

1Ourschoolisnotfarfrommyhome

2Itisagreatpleasuretotalkwithyou

3Allofusconsideredhimhonest

4Mygrandfatherboughtmeapairofsportsshoes

5Hebrokeapieceofglass

6Hemadeitclearthathewouldleavethecity.

7---Iloveyoumorethanher,child.

8Teesturngreenwhenspringcomes

9Theypushedthedooropen、

10Grandmatoldmeaninterestingstorylastnight

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