影视剧中关于父亲得句子

浅析影视剧中的时尚元素

摘要:影视剧的时尚审美元素,既是影视观众学的重要内容,也是影视叙事表达的内容之一。它不仅有助于影视艺术家提高自己作品的美学价值,而且也有助于大众提高自己的审美能力,从而建构自己的创造。

关键词:影视剧时尚元素叙事表达传播制造

时尚元素在影视剧中承担的功能不同于一般生活时尚元素,在影视剧中,服装的时尚元素除了具有造型与色彩方面的审美意义,给人们带来视觉享受与冲击之外,更重要的是承担着塑造角色、制造氛围、渲染气氛、突出风格等表意功能。这种表意功能是建立在审美基础之上又具有突破性的独特的功能,从一定意义上说,审美要服从表意。三、正是因为影视和时尚元素都与人们的现实生活有着极为重要的关系,所以影视艺术既以对传统艺术的突破推动了人类艺术的新发展,也通过作用于人们的实际生活,对人类整体文化的进程及状态发生了难以估量的影响。影视时尚元素以其前所未有的媒体传播优势影响着时尚艺术界的发展与革新,同时也带动了人们创新的审美意识和追求美的活动,影视时尚元素产业的发展具有无穷的潜力。

影视剧中时尚元素的表现方法

时尚其实也属于一种文化,由于时尚文化与电影的紧密联系,我们先来看看文化的“冰山模式”。文化研究学者阐释文化时提出了一种“冰山模式”。他们认为,文化作为社会生活方式和内在关

中美影视剧中英雄主义的差异

关键词:英雄主义比较;美国电影;中国电影

TheDifferenceofHeroismbetweenChineseAndAmericanMoviesAndTVProgramAbstract

TheheroistheeternalpursuitofmankindanddreamsReflectedinthefilmandtelevisiondrama,heroismisoneofthemostimportantthemesinWesternandOriental

culturesThroughtheheroismoftheinterpretationChinaandwestern,culturaldifferencescanbeobservedInthispaper,USAfilm,especiallytheHollywoodfilm,asarepresentativeofWesterncultureInChinesefilmandtelevisionwork,wechoseafamousYiGuanandCaoCao,asarepresentativeThroughtheanalysisofimagedifferencetasksontheseclassictocomparetwodifferentheroideastohelpusunderstandthewestern

Thispaperanalyzedthetypicalheroimageinwesternfilmandtelevisionworks,suchasChineseGuanYuInthecomparisonofcharacteristicsoffilmandtelevisionworksofWesternheroThen,onthisbasis,comparedtothefilmandtelevisionworkindifferentWesternhero,differentreasonsanalysisFinally,ontwodifferentheroicviewcausesconclusion

Keywords:comparisonofheroism;Americanmovies;ChineseFilm

Content

摘要1

Abstract2

Acknowledgement4

Introduction6

IHeroisminAmericanMovieAndTVProgram7

ATheTypicalImage7

BReasonsforTheformationofTheImage9

IIHeroisminChineseMovieAndTVProgram11

ATheTypicalImage11

BReasonsforTheFormationofTheImage13

IIIAnalysistheDifferencebetweenTwoKindsofHeroism16

APerformancepractices16

BBackground19

CCulturalBackground21

Conclusion23

Bibliography24

Acknowledgment

Inthispaper,ifnotfortheirhelpisimpossibleAllthesepeople,Iwanttoexpressmygratitude

FirstIwanttothankmymentor,IextendmyheartfeltthankstoassociateprofessorXX,Withoutherpatientguidanceandencouragement,generousassistanceandvaluablesuggestions,areofinestimablevaluetofinishmythesis

Secondly,IwouldliketothanktheUniversityforfouryearsallthehelpandteachmypeopleIwouldalsoliketothankalltheclassmatesandfriendsgavemeselflesssupportandhelpInthepastyear,theygivemegreathelpandthroughtheiropinionsandsuggestions,andcomprehensivesupervisionforfouryears,IbenefitedalotfromFinally,Iwillgotomybelovedparents,fortheyinalltheseyearsofinfiniteloveandputone'sheartandsoulintosupport

Introduction

Daviesdefinedhisculture:thetotalaccumulationoffaith,learningandsharingcustomsandvalues,throughtherecognitionofhumanoffspringTheheroismasanideology,isareflectionofthecorepartoftheculture,itistheconceptofvalueInmodern

society,

othersHowever,differentcultureshavetreatmentandtraditionsofdifferent,Theywillhavetobecauseoftheimpactofculturaldifferences,'sheroicactChineseandWesterncultures,basedontheirValues,tocreatetheirownheroes,thisisoneoftheimportantroleoftelevisionprogramsandmovies,themostobviousmanifestationofcultureisinteractiveIntheChinesecultureandWesternculture,therearesomedifferenceshero,

HavetherefusetobecowedorsubmitspiritinChineseandWesternculturehero,andgeneralinfinitecourageandstrongwillCarefulcomparison,thedifferenceisnothardtofind,ismadeofdifferentValuesandspiritChineseandWesternculture,andfromtheBothfilmsarethesimilaritiesanddifferencesbetweensimilarheroism

IHeroisminAmericanMovieAndTVProgram

ATheTypicalImage

ToresearchthetypicalheroimageinAmericanmoviesandTVprograms,wecollectedalotofUSmoviesandTVShowsAftercarefulanalysis,wefoundthatworksinfilmandtelevisionheroeshavesomeofthefollowingfeaturesThatisindividualism,democraticspirit,Salvation,andlastbutnotleast,theyallhaveAmericandreamandspirit

1Individualism

AmericanshaveararesuccessthroughindividualeffortsTheirheroic,bothwhitesettlerswestwardexpansionorAmericaoverseassoldiers,policeandfirefighters,generallyhavesimilarfeatures:individualismTheyareindependent,self-confident,haveastrongwill,andultimatelyachievetheirgoals,treasuretheirvalues

2DemocraticSpirit

Thespiritofdemocracy,isapursuitoffreedomandequalityspiritThisisAmericaveryseriouslyTheheroofthedayisnottoomuchpoliticsandsociety,andtheyhavetheequalrighttoexpresstheirideasandequalopportunitytosucceed

Intheso-calledmilktablets,milkisUShistoryagayrightsactivistandpoliticianHeoncesaid,"politicsisnotimportant,winorlose,aslongasyoumakeastatement,hereIam,thentheywillgetattentionHetogaypeoplefightSowecansayAmericapeoplemustcontroltheirfateandcherishtheirownvalueequalityofopportunityThefilmprovidesademocraticspiritgivestous

3Salvation

BytheinfluenceofPuritanism,thespiritofsalvationisthemostpopularAmericaandvaluableManyHollywoodfilms,suchasthedayaftertomorrow,waterpark,wecansee,Americapeopleareworriedaboutthefutureoftheearth,weneednewwaysofthinkingAstheonlysuperpower,AmericaneverlostachancetoshowconcernandresponsibilityoftheworldItregardsitselfasthehero,theSavioroftheworld

4AmericanDreamandSpirit

IntheearlyUSAhistory,manyimmigrantschoosetoleavetheoldEuropean

society,becausetheythinktheyhaveabetterchanceofsuccessinAmericaManypeoplethinkthattheself-mademanheight,becausetheyhavethespiritofstruggle

ManyciviliansintheshapeofaHollywoodhero,anyonecanbecomeaherolikebusinessmen,lawyers,police,firemen,doctorsAslongastheystrivetocontinuetoachievetheAmericanDream[1]

BReasonsforTheformationofTheImage

1Christianity

ThisisamorethanonebillionscatteredthroughoutthewesternreligionInUSA,itevolvedintothepuritanismTheChristianconsiderthatorganizedreligionasameansofpreachingGod'smessageInthenoveltheRedBadgeofcourage,manycolloquialwords,suchas"God""God""myGod"canbefoundIntheireyes,theirIsitrightAsingleindividualinisolation,Godwilltakecareofallthepeople

ImportantWesternnotionsoftheindividualcanlinkpartofchristianityGod,Godsaw,witheveryonecloselylinkedtohear,reward,punishmentEveryoneisveryimportanttohimChristianGodisapersonalGod,whowishesthathehascreatedafantastic

relationshipInculture,individualismadvocates,ChristianityisaperfectreligionWecaneasilyseetheimpactofChristianityagainstAmericancultureTheChristian

faith,individualsareindependent,sotheAmericansrelyonthemselvesthantheChinesedoTheybelievethattheycansavehimselfandGod'shelpAsaresult,ChristianityhasanimportantroleintheheroesandAmericaculturalvalue

ThefirstrequestforknightsisthatknightsmustbeaChristianandbelievein

GodChristianismadvocates’believeinGod,obeythechurch,neverdoharmfulthingstochurch’sinterest,andhumanareboraofguilt,andtheyshouldsufferfromthelifesoastogetintotheparadiseaftertheydieWuCongmingandSunChanjuanthinkthatmanydoctrinesfromtheChristianity,Ontheonehand,toguidethebehaviorofknights,ontheotherhand,theycontroltheirthoughtsWeshouldrespectandprotecttheweakness,whattheBibleisstronglyemphasizedislove

KnightacceptedChristianeducation,theirobjectives,bytherules,againsttheinfidels,notafraidofdeath,andthepursuitofloveMostimpressiveexampleisthecrusader'smovingIthaseighttimesintotalandlastsfortwohundredyearsAlltheseareincitedbyChristianandchurch”2Individualism

IndividualismistheconceptwhichmeansindividualinterestisthemainfactortodecideourbehaviorItstressedtheindependenceandfreedomoftheindividualhumanInWesterncountries,peoplearefocusingonindividualism,soheroicallyfoughtforthemotherlandandthepeople,butmoreimportantisthatfortheirowninterestsandtheirfamiliesstruggleTheabilityofwesternfilmsfocusonhuman,emphasizeshumanvalueTheyhaveaselfresponsibilityandastrongwilltosaveThesepeopleintheWesttopursuedesirablerepresentative:equality,freedomanddevelopment

3Lowpower-distance

Samovar,Porter&Stefanisayflinothercultures,PowerdeservethethoseaffectedbyremarkableapproachingthoseinpowerZhangJingquanproposesthat"intheMedievaltime,knightscouldrequireanequalityinlaws,althoughthisequalitywasnotabsoluteequality,itmadealonganddeepinfluenceonwesternsociety’Thisisbecausethewesternsocietyisalow-power-distancecountryUnlikeChineseswordsmen,westernknightshadtheirrightstopursuepowerandsocialstatus,andtheyfightforwhattheywant

IIHeroisminChineseMovieAndTVProgram

ATheTypicalImage

Unlikewesternhero’simageinthemoviesandTVprograms,weChineseherointhemoviesorTVusuallyhaveresponsibilityfornation,believejusticeandhonesty,andatlasttheytreasurefriendshipmorethanAmericanhero

1Responsibilityfornation

CountriesandpeoplearemoreimportantthanaChinaheroheartThehero,thefamilyisnotonlyhiswifeandchildrenanymore,thisisallcitizensHewouldnottoleratethecountryinsulted,andcitizenshavebeentortured"AlthoughChineseheroesfromdifferentsocialstratum,socialscatteredaround,theyhaveacommoncharacteristic:tolovetheirowncountriesandpeople"(JinHuiling139)TianXianzhisaythattheyarewillingtosacrificetheirinsignificantlivestoprotectthecountryandpeoplefromdangerwhichcannotbestoppedbyanypowerfulfigureorthreat(207)IntheChinesemovieHero,thereasonwhyswordsmanWuMingandCanJiandecidetokillthekingQinisthattheircountryisdestroyedbyQinandtheircitizensarekilledbyQin,andtheyhavethemissiontorevengeButfinallyitisalsothecountryandcitizenthatstoppedtheideaof

killingCanJianoncewrites"TianXia”(whichmeanstheworld)onthegroundandsays:Qiisalreadyatwarformanyyearsandpeoplesufferalotfromthat,andonlykingQincanenditandunifythewholeworldYou’dbettergiveuptheideaofkilling

himYourpainisnotapainanymorewhenitcompareswiththatofthepeopleofthewholeworld,andyourhatredisalsonotahatredanymorewhenitcompareswiththatofthepeopleofthewholeworldWecanknowitclearlyhowimportantthecountryandpeopleareintheheartofChinesehero

2Believeinfaithfulness

Faithfulnessisanecessaryfeatureandsoulofbeingaheroinaswordsman’s

worldFaithfulnessisthatfacingarighteousdestiny,brothersevenstrangerscansharethedifficultyandsorrowandevensacrificeone’slifeOldmansaid:"Gentlemandiesforintimates”whichishonorableforheroicheroBaiHuaconsidersthatintheheartoftheChinese,thespiritoftheheroincludes:topunishthebadanddevelopthegood,tooverthrowthehegemonyandhelptheweakness,neverbeafraidofdeath,tohaveathankfulheart,tokeepthepromiseandsoon(182)

Linghusaid,Inordertothefaithful,theherocansacrificetheirlivesforthecountry,andthepeopleofbrotherhood(117)Wecanseefaithfulnesstoheroisthemoralpursuitandcorecodeofconduct(66)Besides,theyputmoreemotionsandsensibilitiesintotheirmissionInthemovieHero,ChangKong,FeiXuearewillingtosacrificetheirreputationsandeventheirlivestohelpWuMingwinthetrustofkingQin,whichistheloyaltyamongstfriendsBesides,inordertosavetheinnocentpeopleoftheircountryfromgettingintothewaragain,thefourpeoplepracticetheKungfuandsweartokilltheking,andthisisthefaithfulnessfortheirowncountryandpeople

3Beliefinjustice

IntheMiddleAges,theChineseherobasicallyhavenoreligion,theyaredoingjusttofeelthefaithOfcourse,justiceisthefirststandard,Chineseheroistheconcept,ThisisconsistentwiththeChinesetheTraditionalEthicsMoralityBullyingandhumiliatingpeopleisthebiggestinjusticeSwordsmanforthosewhoneedhelpandagainsttheoppressorandexploiterofthebattle

LingHuoncesaystheydothethingjustbecausetheyfeelitisrightThefeelingscomefromthesympathytopoverty,thetearsfromthethreatenedpeopleorotherinjusticethings(118)HuangYonglinthinksthat,forexample,inthemovieJiGong(ahappypoorguywhohasthemagictohelptheweaknessandhelplessonthewayofhiswondering)heistheimageof"Processionalisttotheinjusticethingintheworld”hewillpunishthebadassoonashecomesacrossthebad(100)InthemovieHero,WuMing,ChangKong,CanbebuilttokillthekingbecauseofthecruelQintocombinethesixcountriesandtoignoretheharmofthecitizensandmakemanypeoplelosttheirhomeandcountryDonotkillWuMingcanbebuiltfortheirownhappiness,Inaworldofjusticefortheirowninterests4BeliefinFriendship

Theconceptofconfucianismfsbythefeudalethicalrulesofoldstrictpreventionof11menandwomen"andthetraditionalconceptof"heroesdonotclosetothe"between1andDangerousBeauty"Chineseancienthero—herousuallyhavenointerestinwomen,andevenlookthesexastheimmoralityTheyconsidertheloveaffairasthecontraryoftheherobehaviorBaiHuathinksthatrealheroesdonotmarrywomen,oreventheygetmarriedtheyarestillnotindulgeintheloveTheresponsibilityofhelpingothersisalwaysthemainthemeintheirlives(183)herousuallypublicizethesame-sexrelationship

whichisdescribedasanoblerelationshipItstronglypraisesthemasculinebeautyInthemovieHero,althoughheroWuMing,ChangKong,CanhealthandFeiXue,thesefourindividualsarenotfriendsfromchildhood,theyarestillwillingtosacrificetheirownlivestohelpotherstoaccomplishthecommondreamWecanseeinChina,friendshipwithbrothersisveryholy,butlovewithgirlsdonotweightthatmuchThelovebetweenCanJianandFeiXuedisappearswhentheiropinionsbecomedifferentThatiseasytoseelovetoheroisjustanaccessoryJinHuilingsaysthatinthemovieShuiHuzhuan,thedescriptionofwomenarealmostnegative,impureorheartvicious,like:PanJinlian,LiQiaonuandsoon(139)

BReasonsforTheFormationofTheImage

1Confucianism

DeeplyinfluencedbyConfucianism,aConflagrantheroismprogressively

emergedChristiansareonehundredpercentbelievinginreligion,andtendtouseeverypossiblewaytodestroythepagansandprotectthechurchUnliketheChristian,undertheinfluenceofConfucianism,ChineseheroesarenotsinceretoGod,instead,theylovepeaceandbelieveinhumanitselfHeroeshidetheprideandseemnotsoaggressive,andaremorelike"nodesire,noaction'1Confuciususethekindnesstoenrichthefaithfulnessandletitinspirepeopletorespectthesocialnorms,publicizetheLoyalty,FilialPiety,BenevolenceandLoveConfucianismalsostressesthepoliticalintegrity,professionalcompetenceandhavingnolongingSoChineseswordsmenpaymoreattentiontotheinnerqualityandtheyputothers’interestfirstandarefaithfultocountryandloyaltobrothersandtheycarefortheworldandpeople

LuDurongandWangXiuthinkthatwhatConfucianismadvocatesletsaheroputcollectives'interestfirstandsacrificehislifeifthereisaneedtoprotectthenationandpeople

2Collectivism

Collectivismreferstotheindividualconceptshouldbelongtosociety,shouldbegiventotheinterestsofthegroupandtheindividualinterests,nationalCollectivismisplantedinourheart,becausewearestillyoung,whichdeterminestheChinaheroalmostforthecountryandthepeopledoChinaherointhefilm,ismorelikeamemberofthegroup,theyputthecollectiveinterestsinthefirstplace,socialnormsandSometimestheyalsoshow

theirpersonalfeelings,butwhentheneedtoachieveagoal,thecollectivemustbeputinthefirstplace

3Highpower-distance

Samovar,Porter&Stephanieprovidesuchclearandconciseview,hesaid:"WhatHofstedefoundthatinsomeculturalperspectiveforthosewhohavepowerandthosewhoaresubjecttosignificantpowerfarinmanyways

InancientChina,peoplelivedinaverystricthierarchicalsocietyandunderastricthierarchicalrulesofpowerandstatusItmeansthatthereisnoeasywayforancientcommonChinesetogetintotheupperclassAndChineseswordsmanisacommonpeople’sspiritThereasonwhythemartialarts,asalowpowerofagroupof

people,againstthebigpowergroupisnotpower,buttoprotecttheweakandhelplessItwasstronglyinhibitedbytherulingclasswasdeeplyintotheheartsofordinarypeopleIIIAnalysistheDifferencebetweenTwoKindsofHeroism

APerformancepractices

1ResponsibilityofthecountryVShome

CountriesandpeoplearemoreimportantthanaChinaheroheartThemartialarts,thefamilyisnotonlyhiswifeandchildrenanymore,thisisallthepeopleHewouldnottoleratethecountryinsulted,beingtorturedcitizensAlthoughChinamartialartsfromdifferentsocialstratum,scattered,theyhaveacommoncharacteristic:lovetheircountryandpeople"6](JinHuiling139)TianXianzhisaythattheyarewillingtosacrificetheirinsignificantlivestoprotectthecountryandpeoplefromdangerwhichcannotbestoppedbyanypowerfulfigureorthreatIntheChinesemovieHero,thereasonwhyswordsmanWuMingandCanJiandecidetokillthekingQinisthattheircountryisdestroyedbyQinandtheircitizensarekilledbyQin,andtheyhavethemissiontorevengeButfinallyitisalsothecountryandcitizenthatstoppedtheideaofkillingCanJianoncewrites"TianXia”(whichmeanstheworld)onthegroundandsays:Qiisalreadyatwarformanyyearsandpeoplesufferalotfromthat,andonlykingQincanenditandunifythewholeworldYou’dbettergiveuptheideaofkillinghimYourpainisnotapainanymorewhenitcompareswiththatofthepeopleofthewholeworld,andyourhatredisalsonotahatredanymorewhenitcompareswiththatofthepeopleofthewhole

worldWecanknowitclearlyhowimportantthecountryandpeopleareintheheartofChineseswordsmen

Weknowthattheword"individuality11alwaysstandsforwesternpeople,comparedwiththeChinesewhocareaboutthecareerofthenation,theyprefertobuildupone'sownhealthyandhappyfamily"Individuality,freedom,fair"forWesternersarethesame,whichmeansselfprofitandbenefitareplacedfirstinthewestWesternknights,fightforcountryandalsofightforfreedom,love,andfriendshipTangTiantianoncewroteinherpaper:Inwesterncountries,thecredooftheknightsis:loyaltytotheemperor,guardianshiptothechurch,executiontojustice,buttheinitialreasontoguidetheirbehaviouristheirpersonalinterests"AlthoughKnightisthestatusquoveryloyal,andtheprotectionofreligiousandcaringforothers,theirinitialpurposeistowinone,sownhonor[5](JinHuiling139)LuDurongandWangXiuthinkthatinthewest,amancannotbenamedheroifheisnotresponsibleforhisfamilyandselfimprovementThethemeofpursuingtheselffreedomandfamilyisrunningthroughthewholemovieKingArthur:ArthurandhisbrothersrisktheirlivesonthebattlefieldagainandagaintoexchangetheirfinalfreedomDuringthelasttask,Lancelotrunstothemiddleoftheicedlandtocracktheiceanddies,anditishissacrificethatsavestheroyalgroupandotherknightswhoseemlikehisfamilymembersBorsfightsatwarbyexhaustinghisstrengthinordertokeepalivetobringhiswifeandelevenchildrenbacktotheirhometowntoenjoytheirfreedominlaterlife

2FaithfulnessVSloyalty

Faithfulnessisanecessaryfeatureandsoulofbeingaheroinaswordsman’s

worldFaithfulnessisthatfacingarighteousdestiny,brothersevenstrangerscansharethedifficultyandsorrowandevensacrificeone’slifeOldmansaid:"Gentlemandiesforintimates”whichishonorableforheroicswordsmenBaiHuathinksthatintheheartoftheChinese,thespiritoftheswordsmenincludes:topunishthebadanddevelopthegood,tooverthrowthehegemonyandhelptheweakness,neverbeafraidofdeath,tohaveathankfulheart,tokeepthepromiseandsoon

LingHusaysforthesakeofthefaithfulness,swordsmencansacrificetheirlivesforcountry,peopleandbrotherhoodWecanseefaithfulnesstoswordsmenisthemoralpursuitandcorecodeofconductBesides,theyputmoreemotionsandsensibilitiesintotheirmissionInthemovieHero,ChangKong,FeiXuearewillingtosacrificetheir

reputationsandeventheirlivestohelpWuMingwinthetrustofkingQin,whichisthefaithfulnessbetweenfriendsBesides,inordertosavetheinnocentpeopleoftheircountryfromgettingintothewaragain,thefourpeoplepracticetheKungfuandsweartokilltheking,andthisisthefaithfulnessfortheirowncountryandpeople

Knightspaymoreattentiontotheloyalty:tolord,toChristian,andtolove,sotheycangetthepower,reputation,orsomethingbackTheknightsarehiredbyfeudallordsandaretheguardianofthefeudaldoctrine,sotheymustbeloyaltotherulerandbeproudofthatAndundertheunderthefeudal’sdomination,knightsaredefinitelyloyaltoChristianBaiHuathinksthateveryweaponoftheknightshassomesymbolicmeans:theshieldsymbolizestheymustprotectthechurchfromgettinginvasion;thedoublesidesoftheknights'swordsmeanthattheyuseonesidetofightagainstthepaganandenemies,andtheyusetheothersidetoprotectthepeopleandweaknessBesides,knightsareloyaltoloveforeverTheywillholdaceremonywhenaknightisacceptedbyaladyTheknightshouldkneeldownandputhishandsintothelady’sandhewillsayhisvowsinfrontofthewitnessAndintheend,theladywillputtheringonhishandInthemovieKingArthur,Arthurandhisbrothersarebroughttothecastleandgettrainedsinceveryyoung;thedestinyofthemistoprotectthecountryfromanythreat,whichisbecausetheyareloyaltolordTheyrisktheirlivesandpostponethetimetheygetfreedomtoreceivetheordergivenbybishoptosavethepeoplefromdangerousSaxonsbecausetheyareloyaltoChristianArthur’slovetoGuinevereandBors'slovetoVanoraarehardbutvaluablebecausetheyareloyaltolove

3FriendshipwithothersVSlovewithawoman

TheoldfeudalethicsrulesofConfucianconceptof11strictlypreventmenandwomen"andthetraditionalconceptof"heroesdonotclosetothe"between1andDangerousBeauty"Chineseancienthero—swordsmenusuallyhavenointerestinwomen,andevenlookthesexastheimmoralityTheyconsidertheloveaffairasthecontraryoftheherobehaviorBaiHuathinksthatrealheroesdonotmarrywomen,oreventheygetmarriedtheyarestillnotindulgeintheloveTheresponsibilityofhelpingothersisalwaysthemainthemeintheirlivesSwordsmenusuallypublicizethesame-sexrelationshipwhichisdescribedasanoblerelationshipItstronglypraisesthemasculinebeautyInthefilmHero,althoughmartialartsWuMing,sky,Canjianandsnow,four

isolatedpeoplewhoarenotfriendssinceyoung,theyarestillwillingtosacrificehislifetohelpotherstorealizethecommondreamWecanseeinChina,friendshipwithbrothersisveryholy,butlovewithgirlsdonotweightthatmuchThelovebetweenCanJianandFeiXuedisappearswhentheiropinionsbecomedifferentThatiseasytoseelovetoswordsmenisjustanaccessoryJinHuilingsaysthatinthemovieShuiHuzhuan,thedescriptionofwomenarealmostnegative,impureorheartvicious,like:PanJinlian,LiQiaonuandsoon

Femaleknightplaysaveryimportantroleintheculture,canbesaidthatnowomanlove,noknightWomenareusuallyplacedastheidolforknightstoadoreandareusedtosetoffthespiritofknightsKnightspursuelove,andregardgettingawoman’sloveasthesupremegloryTheyfightinordertowinwomenorprincess'sloveInthemovieKingArthur,thelovebetweenArthurandGuinevereistheveryimportantclueofthemovieTheirlovegrowsgradually:ithappenswhentheyareenemies,growswhentheyarefriendsandmatureswhentheyarecomradesPatrilinearsdoctrineof"onewomanonehusband"makessuretheequalitybetweenmaleandfemaleAndthisinfluencemakestheknightsformanideathatitisaglorytodieforlove"6](XuJianlou66)

BBackground

Wehaveanalyzedtheheroism,rootintheexistenceparadoxtodeath,fromthefearoftheconsequencesTheessenceofheroismisunstoppablepoweroflife,whenthedistortionofhumansufferingoppressionandallforeignpowersTherefore,fromthephysicalandpsychologicaldemands,theheroworshipisprevalentinallethnicgroups,itcanbeconfirmedfromthefamousepicandlegend

However,giventhetraditionalheroheroismanduniquedifferencesineconomicandpoliticalsystemandtrendInthewest,peopleworshipofhumanismanddemocracyEvenifistheheroofthedeified,disciplineisstillhuman,peoplehavefeelings,allthetimeanddefectInfilmandtheater,pureandsincerehumanityispolaramplificationTheherolyinginhonorandideallife,loveandfreedomEventhejusticeofconflictandtheinterestsofthestate,theydecidedtochoosetherightwithouthesitation

InadditiontothevariousreligioussystemandthehistoryofSinoAmericanhero,valuesofanotherdifferenceliesinthedifferentpoliticalbackground

1CollectiveinterestsfocusonChina

Inthepointofthepolitics,focusisacentralizedgovernmentpowerInChina,thefeudalsystemhasaffectedthesocial,political,centuriesofeconomicsystemAlmostalltherulersofthetimewanttocontrolinaunifiedway,theircountryInordertounifythelanguage,customs,andthelawofthewholesociety,theyaskedeveryoneshouldabidebytheirrules,theyPeoplehavetheobligationofservicingthenation,especiallywhenthenationisindangerThisistoadvocatecollectivismIfthecountryneedsyou,youshouldtrytoprotecttheirownmotherland,isthemostlovablepersonChinesepeople'sLiberationArmyisalwaysbeneficialtothepeopleandthestate

CentralizationstressestheessenceofobedienceInSoldiersSortie,XuobeystherulesofthearmyandtheordersgivenbyhiscommandersHemustbesubordinatedtohiscompanyWherethereisadanger,thereisaXuSanduoTowininamaneuver,hehassuccessfullyfinishedhistaskaccordingtothecommander’sorderTherefore,thecentralizationinChinahasdeeplyrootedinitscultureandsocialmorals,andhasbiginfluencesonformingthepeople’sview

2DiscussestheAmericafreedomandpersonalvalues

Americaisacountrywhoisspirit,andfullofstrengthThiscountryisintheUSAwarofindependenceThesepeoplesettledthecolonyqualityattentionindividualityandtheeffectiveuseoftimeSayitinthedeclarationofindependence:"Inmyopinion,thesetruthscanunderstand,everyoneisequal,thattheyareGodgivethemcertaininalienablerights,includingtherighttolife,libertyandthepursuitofhappiness12,personalindependenceandfreedomisrespectedandAmericanvaluesEverypeoplehastherighttoseekfortheirownhappiness,anditsdevelopmentisapriorityinthefamily,andonemuststrivetoachieveprovideforoneselfPeoplewillalwaysrememberthewordsAmericaefforts,persistence,perseveranceandcompetition,andtheyliveformyself,notforothersTheseconceptsintoAmericaculturalvalues,sotheheromusthavethesecharacteristics,too

CCulturalBackground

AheroiscoveredwithalayeroftheChinesecultureofidealismInChinacultureofaltruismandnationalismofthecase,whatistheextrememagnificationisloyaltyanddedicationtothecountryandtheleaders,andpersonalconcessionsThestateorsocialbenefitthehero'sdeathTherefore,thereareprivatedesiresinChinanotheroFor

thousandsofyears,conceptsandmodels,definedbytherulersofthehero,theheroisoftentheholy,perfectandthesupernatural

Allinall,theexchangeoftheChineseandWesternculturenotonlypromotethedevelopmentofculturaldiversity,butalsobringhumanitybacktotheheroicthemeFromtheChinadramasuchasthesword,wecanobservetheheroestendtopeopleTheyarenolongerregardedasdivineandhumannatureTheyareordinarypeople,isrichinemotion,can'thelpmakingmistakesHowever,thebiggestdistinctionbetweentheso-calledcollectivismandindividualism,isameasureofvaluebetweenthem,whichisveryevidentinChinaandWesterncountriesthisphenomenon,thereisnosuchkindofheroisminChina,fromthetraditionalsocialvaluesasanindependentsystemdivorcedConfuciancultureiswidelyspreadintheChina,ithassignificantlyaffecttheChineseforthousandsofyearslaterConfucianism,itprofoundlythedoctrineofthemeanthoughtistheessence,isthekeyprincipleof"Rites"and"benevolence"thatis,thecorrectbehavior,inallthingsmadeoffaithIthasthreeprinciples,firstofall,selfsupervisionandselfstudy,inthesecondhand,loyaltyandtolerance,andinthethirdhand,themostkindestandthemostlovedFromtheDynastyoftheHan,Confucianismgraduallycometotheorthodoxideology,behaviormodelofthestateandpeople,withalotofleadersandactiveinvariousdynastiesTherefore,inthebackgroundoftheideologicalandcultural,peopleaffectedbymental,butthepsychologicaldominancebehaviorSo,whocreatedtheuniqueculturalenvironmentofthehero,alsosomepeoplegetrecognitionTheThreeKingdomsofintensivereading,canbefoundaccordingtothecharacteristicsofall,ConfucianthoughttheplotForexample,HuangDingJinaskedConfucius,"theemperororderedtheminister,fortheemperorandhisministers,whatisthestoryConfuciussaid,"theemperororderedtheministerandtheMinisterforemperorandhonestmannerKeepsomethinginhisheart,thatistocallsomeonerepeatedlylibelhonestthreecompletely,thepeopleofHongkongtoacardiacarrest,"andinreturn,hecaughtseveninPenghuandsevenpublishedinthesouthofbarrenland,tofightmefromsixtimesthemountain

Inhiseyes,hecannotdolikethis,istheso-called"gentlemanisreadytodieforhisbosomfriend

Otherwise,frommyowneyes,YellowRiveristhesomewhereofthecultureinChina,andthewaterisclean,theairisbright,andsoonHereeverythingisfittoliveAgricultural

productionprocessiscomplex,theneedforcooperation,harmony,anddevelopmentof"collectiveheroism"emphasizethecollectivewisdom

Conclusion

Basedonthesimilarityanalysis,differenceandWesternheroofthefilm,wecanseetwodifferentnationalculture

Fromourdiscussion,wecanseetheWesternherowhoadheretothepersonalityandtheconceptoffreedomofthepeople,theywereinfluencedbyChristianityintheverygreatdegreeHeroesoftheWestbelieveGod,theywereverybrave,withsuperbskills,respectforthefreedomandtheevaluationoftheselfdisplayfocus,andtheimportanceofthetopicButChineseheromoreemphasisonloyalty,powerprotectionInfluencedbyconfticianism,respectChineseherocollectivismHowever,ifwewanttoexpresssomething,nomatterChinaandWesternhero,spreadwidelyintheworldAndthemovies,Asanewmediaproductionmethodsandmeansofcommunicationculture,whichforheroismpropagandaplayedasignificantroleinpromotingWhileChinaandsomeWesterncountriesthereareobviousdifferencesinculture,isastrength,thatcanovercomeeverything,urgesthepeopletostateandfederaltodogoodHeroismadvocateamartialspirit:tohelpotherswhennecessary;tofightagainstbadwhenpeopleencounterit;donotbeabandon,itmustberightAndtheknightspirit:respectforwomenandfaithThesearethebeautifulmemoriesofthepast,canalsobethefutureofhumanbeingandnatureofappealInaddition,inourview,humanprogress,interactionandcommunicationbetweendifferentcultures,allbroughtnewfaces

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Hero[M]Boston:GKHall&Co,1988

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nationalmusic民族音乐陕北民歌在影视剧中的表现及创新应用

万春艳

(漯河医学高等专科学校,河南漯河462000)

陕北民歌作为我国一种重要的艺术表现形式,不仅在陕北地区非常流行,在全国范围内也得到了广泛的认可和喜爱。从内容上看,陕北民歌是陕北文学和陕北特色音乐的一种结合。尤其是近些来,陕西地区的文学作品被大量改编成影视剧,搬到了荧幕和电视上,受到了全国观众的热烈追捧,许多人开始对陕北这个黄土包围的地方产生了浓厚的兴趣。在影视剧中,不管是作为背景音乐,还是作为故事情节的陕北民歌,也都成为了人们争相传唱的经典。不少经典的陕北民歌也被赋予了时代的特色,经过一些音乐人的改编,与其他艺术形式相结合,迸发出了新的魅力。

一、陕北民歌在影视剧中的体现及意义

(一)背景音乐烘托气氛,刻画人物形象

在影视剧中的背景音乐中,采用一些陕北民歌,可以起到非常好的烘托气氛的效果。因陕北民歌高亢嘹亮的风格,适合一些宏大的场景。陕北民歌的歌词表现的多是男女爱情,对于影视剧中的情感场景会有更好的烘托效果。比如在电视剧《血色浪漫》中,就采用了大量的陕北民歌来烘托场景的效果,旋律优美,歌词动人,尤其是陕北当地农民的高亢嘹亮的嗓音,使电视剧中陕北黄土地的形象更有吸引力。在电视剧《平凡的世界》中,主角孙少安和田润叶的多次有关爱情的场景,配上相应的陕北民歌,加上一望无际的黄土高原,对于剧中的场景渲染起到非常大的作用,瞬间就把观众的感情引入了剧中。

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